Uttar Pradesh | Sarda-Yamuna link
The location of the proposed Sharda-Yamuna link project covers in the states of Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh in India.
Sharda-Yamuna Link is an interdependent link for the diversion and utilizations of water to overcome the problems of drought and flood in Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand states in India.This plan is aimed to transfer of about 11,680 Mm³ of surplus water from river Sharda to deficit river Yamuna and further towards west parts of India. Before falling into Yamuna River the water of Sharda river will be utilize to fulfill all the water requirements of its command areas and transfer of water towards the drought prone western areas of India such as Haryana, Rajasthan and Gujarat. Sharda-Yamuna link project will locate in the States of Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh (Fig.4). The proposed link canal will cross through enrouted areas Champawat, Nainital, Udham Singh Nagar and Haridwar districts of Uttarakhand and Bijnor and Muzaffarnagar districts of Uttar Pradesh. The command areas of the link canal would be Bareilly, Rampur, Moradabad, Badaun and Bijnor districts of Uttar Pradesh and Udham Singh Nagar district of Uttarakhand (Table.3).There will be development of Pancheshwar dam and Poornagiri dam for the generation of power during the construction work of link canal and also to provide domestic, irrigation facilities to drought prone western parts of the country. During the journey it will cross the major rivers viz. Sharda, Kosi, Ramganga and Ganga. Barrages on these crossings are also proposed for flood control and to be constructed at the time of level crossing which would be named as Sarda barrage, Kosi barrage, Ramganga barrage and Ganga barrage. The Sharda-Yamuna link canal and its proposed four barrages will locate in the Ganga basin. The total length of this link canal will be 384 Kms and full supply depth is 7.8 m. The proposed link canal will transfer water from Sharda river near Tanakpur town of Champawat district of Uttarakhand between proposed Poorangiri dam and Tanakpur barrage into the Yamuna River about 2.5 Km near Kairana village of Muzaffarnagar district of Uttar Pradesh. First the available water in the catchment of Sarda River will be stored in the reservoir of Pancheshwar dam, then the release of water from this reservoir after generating the power will again stored at proposed Poornagiri dam which is located of about 58 Km distance of Pancheshwar dam. The construction of Pancheshwar and Poornagiri dams would be across the Sharda river known as Mahakali in Nepal with having gross storage capacities of 11,355 Mm3 and 3,680 Mm³. (Table.1) The discharge of water at starting and ending of the link canal will be 757.32 cumec and 605.77 cumec and the transmission losses would be of 541 Mm³. Annual electrical energy benefit may be of approx. 8378 Mkwh, Irrigation benefit 2.94 lakh hac and economic irrigation benefit shall be 1306.63 crore. Overall this proposed link – canal will pass through 2 states, 6 districts, 15 Tehsils and 170 villages. The Sharda to Yamuna Link would provide an additional irrigation benefits, generation of power, fisheries, salinity, economic development and employment potential in the enrouted and command areas. The inter-basin water transfer can be quicker and efficient plan for proper distribution of water in India. This plan is socially needed, technically feasible, economically viable and environmentally sustainable (Thatte).This link canal could be beneficial for fulfilling the water requirements of its command areas and drought prone western areas of India such as Haryana, Rajasthan Gujarat. The inter-basin water transfer can be quicker and efficient plan for proper distribution of water and to overcome the problem of floods and droughts in India.